Bull Vs Bear Definition

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Excluding the 1929 crash, mega meltdowns had an average peak-to-trough loss of nearly 57% and took an average of 60 months to recover. In early 2020, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, multiple stock market crashes have led to bear markets across the world. A bear market is a general decline in the stock market over a period of time. It includes a transition from high investor optimism to widespread investor fear and pessimism.


On the other hand, the investor’s view of future is pessimistic, in the bears market. There is a strong demand and weak supply of securities, meaning many investors are ready to buy securities and few are willing to sell. Let’s dive deeper into a bull and bear market to understand how you can incorporate it in your overall stock investing strategy. In simple terms, a bull or bear market explains whether stock markets are appreciating or depreciating.

A market bottom is a trend reversal, the end of a market downturn, and the beginning of an upward moving trend . Statues of the two symbolic beasts of finance, the bear and the bull, in front of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool’s premium services.

period of time

They often occur when interest rates are relatively low, geopolitical tensions aren’t too intense, and inflation isn’t hurting peoples’ finances. A bull market doesn’t mean things go straight up or that there’s never a bad quarter, but stocks recover relatively quickly and show resilience despite bad news. Rising GDP denotes a bull market, while falling GDP correlates with bear markets. GDP increases when companies’ revenues are increasing and employee pay is rising, which enables increased consumer spending. GDP decreases when companies’ sales are sluggish and wages are stagnant or declining. When long term interest rates rise faster than short term interest rates.

When does a market change from bearish to bullish?

But there is a caveat involved; selecting a stock based only on its price during a bear phase, without checking the fundamentals of the company, can be misleading. Investors in a bear market are tempted to sell off their investments during this time to eliminate the risk of losing even more money. On the other hand, investors in a bull market may sell some of their stock for a decent profit or hold on in hopes of prices rising even more in the future.

As a result you’ll be prepared for any market that comes your way when you know the bull and bear market definition. In the Graph 1 given below, the factors that have led to the bull and bear phases in the last 22 years from January 2000 till May 2022 have been highlighted. At the beginning of the period from Jan 2000 till May 2003 and after that from September 2010 till September 2013, the markets did not show any trend. It is observed that bull phases last longer than bear phases, over a long-term trend. Bear Market is defined as the market that is exactly opposite of the bull market. Equity investment options involve greater risk, including heightened volatility, than fixed-income options.

  • A bear market is an economic downturn that can lead to a major drop in stock prices, forex pairs, commodities and other financial instruments.
  • The course of action suggests that the investor or the trader is expecting an upward movement of the stock from is prevailing levels.
  • NerdWallet does not offer advisory or brokerage services, nor does it recommend or advise investors to buy or sell particular stocks, securities or other investments.
  • Bear markets can hurt your portfolio, but can also be an opportunity to buy stocks cheaper.
  • In early 2020, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, multiple stock market crashes have led to bear markets across the world.
  • Milan Cutkovic | 16 Jun 2022 An IB traditionally refers new traders to their preferred broker for a commission.

This type of selling was used by many people involved in an early eighteenth-century scandal in England known as the South Sea Bubble. Bull markets generally coincide with periods of robust economic growth; investor confidence is on the rise, employment levels are generally high, and economic production is strong. Bull markets generally coincide with periods of robust economic growth; investor confidence is on the rise, employment levels are generally high, and the economic production is strong. The term “bull vs. bear” denotes the ensuing trends in stock markets – whether they are appreciating or depreciating in value – and what is the investors’ outlook about the market in general. The 4% Rule states that you can safely withdraw 4% of your retirement portfolio the first year you retire. Then you can safely withdraw the same based amount each year, adjusted for inflation, without running out of money for at least 30 years and in some cases up to 50.

Bull Vs. Bear Market

FMCGFast-moving consumer goods are non-durable consumer goods that sell like hotcakes as they usually come with a low price and high usability. Their examples include toothpaste, ready-to-make food, soap, cookie, notebook, chocolate, etc. Stocks rally even when there’s negative news about the economy or a particular stock. « Stop saying the Dow is moving in and out of correction! That is not how stock-market moves work ».

prices to rise

Since 1928, the S&P 500 has seen 26 https://en.forexbrokerslist.site/ markets and 27 bull markets. However, bull markets run for much longer than bear markets, and their gains far outweigh the losses endured during bear markets. With higher prices everywhere you look and interest rates continuing to climb, it’s no wonder people are invested in where the economy is going. And on June 13th, the stock market took a hit — the S&P 500 entered a bear market after recording a 21% decline. The bear market definition is exactly the opposite of a bull market.

Stock market fluctuations are common, as so-called bull markets don’t run forever and so-called bear markets eventually withdraw their claws. A market trend is a perceived tendency of financial markets to move in a particular direction over time. Analysts classify these trends as secular for long time-frames, primary for medium time-frames, and secondary for short time-frames.

In contrast, in a bearish market, the economy will either fall or not grow at a faster pace, as in the bullish outlook scenario. In both these situations, an indicator like the GDP plays a vital role in giving a bird’s eye view of how the economy performs based on the existing factors. Hence, if the price falls below the contracted price, the option holder will accordingly book a profit. Asset ClassAssets are classified into various classes based on their type, purpose, or the basis of return or markets. Using the term bull market is informal—there’s no formal metric to measure or determine when a bull market is happening. Still, a 20% increase in prices is often used as the ballpark figure that indicates a bull market.


The market will thus go either up or down, which in financial terms is referred to as a ‘Bull Market’ when the general market scenario is upbeat, and the stock market is rising. On the other hand, if the market moves downwards, it is referred to as a ‘Bear Market.’ The terminologies apply to how each of these animals attacks their opponents. The bull will thrust its horns in the air in respective scenarios, whereas a bear will stamp its paws down on its prey. We don’t own or control the products, services or content found there. To remember which is which, remember that bulls are known for being aggressive and charging ahead, , while bears are known for hibernating . This gives an indication that the indexes will move to downward and according to that, all the asset class will go down up to a certain level for a period of time.

The basic features of such a market are optimism, higher returns, high stock trading and investor confidence. Further, the forecasting of market trends is a bit difficult, i.e. when they will be changed. Such a situation depicts a downward trend in the market over some time. The markets have a pessimistic approach, and the prices of assets are either in decline or expected to fall in the immediate future. It will cost investors a lot of money as security prices fall across the board, and investor confidence is also expected to hit. The term bull market is applied to a market in which prices are, on average, rising.

In a bullish market, the liquidity flowing in the market is vast, and investors continue to pump more funds with increased trading activity and invest in stocks, gold, real estate, etc. Still, the liquidity dries up in the system in a bearish market, and investors are reluctant before making any commitments. The investments made during a bullish scenario are either sold, preventing further downsides, or holding back to them for future usage. A bull market is a market that is on the rise and where the conditions of the economy are generally favorable. A bear market exists in an economy that is receding and where most stocks are declining in value.

It serves as an indicator of the overall https://topforexnews.org/ market condition by listing the historical and real-time trends in different market segments. BearishBearish market refers to an opinion where the stock market is likely to go down or correct shortly. It is predicted in consideration of events that are happening or are bound to happen which would drag down the prices of the stocks in the market. The bear market, then, is measured retrospectively from the recent highs to the lowest closing price, and its recovery period is the lowest closing price to new highs. Another commonly accepted end to a bear market is indices gaining of 20% from their low.

Using different trading tools for different market types

Once you have an https://forex-trend.net/ plan to help you learn how to invest money, it’s just a matter of finding a good investment firm or investing app and getting started. No matter which type of market we’re currently in, investing is a personal activity. One of those is making sure you only invest based on an investment plan you’ve created. In a bear market, prices are continually losing value with no end in sight; hence, the probability of losses is very high. To date, the longest bear market happened from March 1937 until April 1942 — a time known as the Great Depression — and lasted for 61 months. More so, during a bull market, losses are minimal and temporary; hence, you can confidently invest in different equities with a higher probability of making a profit.

Raymond James’ data for the S&P 500 shows the longest bear market since 1926 lasted 2.8 years and took place in the early 1930s. The market is considered as a bulls market when there is a rise in the overall performance of the market. Bears market is the one which undergoes a huge decline in the market performance. The benchmark fell 37.8% until it hit its bottom of 7,286.27 on October 9, 2002. This bear market triggered the 2001 recession, compounded by the 9/11 terrorist attacks, which shut down stock exchanges and shocked the world. It’s generally accepted by industry experts that there have been around 26 bear markets since 1929.